PapersEconomic IntegrationGoods, Customs and Rules of Origin

Goods, Customs and Rules of Origin

By DCU Brexit Institute

This chapter examines the legal content of the TCA’s centre-piece, its chapter on trade in goods. Trade in goods is critical between such closely linked trading partners with 48% of total UK imports coming from the EU as well as nearly 60% of its food imports. This chapter argues that the UK is continuously facing a choice between divergence and increased cooperation with the EU. It charts positive progress in areas such as the Windsor Framework and technical barriers to trade but argues that this must be built upon in other areas affecting trade in goods such as SPS requirements and rules of origin. This chapter discusses how the implementation of the TCA’s SPS rules disproportionately affects UK farmers and how the limitations of the rules of origin provided for in the TCA threaten the place of UK manufacturers in EU supply chains in the long term. While the TCA’s trade in goods chapter remains a step back on UK’s previous position, it nonetheless provides a baseline for EU-UK trade that can be improved upon if the will is there to do so.

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Reference: Moran, Niall, « Goods, Customs and Rules of Origin » Brexit Institute Working Paper Series No. 5/2023.

Author: Dr. Niall Moran, Assistant Professor in Economic Law at the School of Law and Government of Dublin City University and Deputy Director of the DCU Brexit Institute.

This text has originally been published on the DCU Brexit Institute website.

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